A Study to Assess the Effect of Asphalt Mixture on the Photocatalytic Performance: A Simulation

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Shandong University of Technology

2 Instructor of Henan University of Technology; PhD of Chang'an University; Visiting Schoplar of Virginia Tech, USA.

3 http://pavement-center.chd.edu.cn http://teacher.chd.edu.cn/user/index.aspx?teacherid=99854

4 PhD, Chang'an University Pavement engineering, Construction materials https://xueshu.glgoo.org/citations?user=FQiMXv0AAAAJ&hl=zh-CN


This study reports the simulation of a photocatalytic system process and the photocatalytic property of self-cleaning asphalt concrete (SCAC) with four typical asphalt mixtures. A photocatalytic system was simulated based on the pollutant concentration data, which were collected on three types of city roads. Two photocatalytic indexes were proposed to evaluate the photocatalytic property of self-cleaning asphalt concrete: relative decomposition rate and degradation capacity. Four typical asphalt mixtures were prepared with SBS/TiO2 modified bitumen: AC-13a asphalt mixture (AC-13a), AC-13b asphalt mixture (AC-13b), open-graded fraction courses (OGFC), and porous asphalt concrete (PAC). The performance of the SCAC samples was investigated using the cracking resistance, rutting resistance, and moisture susceptibility. The results show that the degradation capacity of CO is approximately 20 times more than that of HC and CO . The air voids of SCAC, which is exposed to ultraviolet rays, contribute to the photocatalytic indexes in the simulated system in this study. In addition, the SBS /TiO2 modified bitumen does not improve the high- or low-temperature property and water stability of SCAC.


Chiarini A., “Designing an Environmental Sustainable Supply Chain through ISO 14001 Standard. Management of Environmental Quality,” An International Journal, 2012, 24(1), 16-33.
Tao Z., Hewings G., and Donaghy K., “An Economic Analysis of Midwestern US Criteria Pollutant Emissions Trends from 1970 to 2000. Ecological Economics,” 2010, 69(8), 1666-1674.
Caserini S., “Impact of the Dropping Activity with Vehicle Age on Air Pollutant Emissions,” Atmospheric Pollution Research, 2013, 4(3), 282-289.
Hoek G., “Long-term Air Pollution Exposure and Cardio-respiratory Mortality: A Review,” Environmental Health, 2013, 12.
Ishihara, H., “Paper-structured Catalyst for Catalytic NOx Removal from Combustion Exhaust Gas,” Chemical Engineering Science, 2010, 65(1), 208-213.
Klingenberg H. and Winneke H., “Studies on Health Effects of Automotive Exhaust Emissions How Dangerous are Diesel Emissions?,” Science of the Total Environment, 1990, 93, 95-105.
Cassar L., “Photocatalysis of Cementitious Materials,” in International RILEM Symposium on Photocatalysis, Environment and Construction Materials, 2007.
Sun B., Smirniotis P. G., and Boolchand P., “Visible Light Photocatalysis with Platinized Rutile TiO2 for Aqueous Organic Oxidation,” Langmuir, 2005, 21(24), 11397-11403.
Mitsionis A., “Hydroxyapatite/titanium dioxide nanocomposites for controlled photocatalytic NO oxidation,” Applied Catalysis B-Environmental, 2011, 106(3-4), 398-404.
Ghafar H. H., “Preparation of Carbon Coated FeWO 4 and its Photocatalytic Activity under Visible Light,” Open Materials Science Journal, 2008, 2, 56-59.
Portela R. and Hernández-Alonso M. D., “Environmental Applications of Photocatalysis, in Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications,” Springer, 2013, 35-66.
Paz Y., “Application of TiO2 Photocatalysis for Air Treatment: Patents’ Overview,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2010, 99(3), 448-460.
Cassar L., “Photocatalysis of Cementitious Materials: Clean Buildings and Clean Air,” Mrs Bulletin, 2004, 29(05), 328-331.
Trapalis A., “TiO2/graphene Composite Photocatalysts for NOx Removal: A Comparison of Surfactant-stabilized Graphene and Reduced Graphene Oxide,” Applied Catalysis B-Environmental, 2016, 180, 637-647.
Shen W., “Preparation of Titanium Dioxide Nano Particle Modified Photocatalytic Self-cleaning Concrete,” Journal of Cleaner Production, 2015, 87, 762-765.
Dylla H., “Laboratory Investigation of the Effect of Mixed Nitrogen Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxide Gases on Titanium Dioxide Photocatalytic Efficiency in Concrete Pavements,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 2010, 23(7), 1087-1093.
Dylla H., Hassan M., and Osborn D., “Field Evaluation of Ability of Photocatalytic Concrete Pavements to Remove Nitrogen Oxides, Transportation Research Record,” Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2012, 2290, 154-160.
Chen M. and Chu J. W., “NO x Photocatalytic Degradation on Active Concrete Road Surface from Experiment to Real-scale Application,” Journal of Cleaner Production, 2011, 19(11), 1266-1272.
Osborn D. J., “Quantification of NOX Reduction via Nitrate Accumulation on a TiO2 Photocatalytic Concrete Pavement,” Faculty of the Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College MSc, Louisiana State University, 2012.
Ortelli S., “Multiple Approach to Test Nano TiO2 Photo-activity,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology a-Chemistry, 2014, 292, 26-33.
Lasek J., Yu Y. H., and Wu J. C., “Removal of NO x by Photocatalytic Processes,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews, 2013, 14, 29-52.
Franco V., “Road Vehicle Emission Factors Development: A Review,” Atmospheric Environment, 2013, 70, 84-97.
Gao Y. and Checkel M. D., “Emission Factors Analysis for Multiple Vehicles Using an On-board, In-use Emissions Measurement System,” SAE Technical Paper, 2007.
Tayfur S., Ozen H., and Aksoy A., “Investigation of Rutting Performance of Asphalt Mixtures Containing Polymer Modifiers,” Construction and Building Materials, 2007, 21(2), 328-337.
Wang Y. and Li W., “Study on High Temperature Performance of Asphalt Mixture Based on Rutting Test,” in Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2015.