BIODESULFURIZATION OF SIMULATED LIGHT FUEL OIL BY A NATIVE ISOLATED BACTERIA BACILLUS CEREUS HN

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Sharif univ. of Technol.

2 Sharif Univ. of Technol.

Abstract

In the present paper, the biodesulfurization of simulated light fuel oil (i.e., dibenzothiophene (DBT) in dodecane) and untreated kerosene with a high total sulfur content has been studied by a native isolated bacterium named Bacillus cereus HN. The influences of various parameters such as the reaction temperature (T), biocatalyst cell density, oil phase fraction (OFP), and initial DBT concentration on the fractional conversion of the model sulfur compound were investigated. The experimental data obtained were used to determine the reaction rate constant of the model sulfur compound and the corresponding activation energy. Furthermore, the biodesulfurization of un-treated kerosene with a total sulfur content of 2333 ppmw produced by an Iranian refinery company (Isfahan refinery) was investigated to examine the capability of this new microorganism. It was realized that about 33% of the total sulfur content of untreated kerosene could be removed after 72 hrs. The results of the response surface methodology (RSM) showed that a quadratic correlation could be proposed for the influences of biocatalyst cell density, OFP, and initial DBT concentration on the desulfurization of DBT.

Keywords


      [1]     Knudsen K. G., Cooper B. H., and Topsøe H., “Catalyst and Process Technologies for Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel,” Appl. Catal. A: Gen., 1999, 15, 198-205.

      [2]     McFarland B. L., “Biodesulfurization,” Curr. Opin. Microbiol., 1999, 2,257-264.

      [3]     Monticello D. J., “Biodesulfurization and the Upgrading of Petroleum Distillates,” Current Opin. Biotechnol., 2000, 11, 540-546.

      [4]     Stanislaus A., Marafi A., and Rana M. S., “Recent Advances in the Science and Technology of Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) Production,” Catal Today., 2010, 153, 1-68.

      [5]     Li F., Xu P., Ma C., Luo L., and Wang X., “Deep desulfurization of Hydrodesulfuri-zation-treated Diesel Oil by a Facultative Thermophilic Bacterium Mycobacterium sp. X7B,” Microbiol. Lett., 2003, 223, 301-307.

      [6]     Shennan J. L., “Microbial Attack on Sulfur-containing Hydrocarbons, Implications for the Biodesulfurization of Oils and Coals,” J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 1996, 23, 67-109.

      [7]     Borgne S. L. and Quintero R., “Biotechnological Processes for the Refining of Petroleum, Fuel,” Process. Technol., 2003, 81, 155-169.

      [8]     Song C., “An Overview of New Approaches to Deep Desulfurization for Ultra-clean Gasoline, Diesel Fuel and Jet Fuel,” Catal Today., 2003, 86, 211-263.

      [9]     Vazquez-Duhalt R., Torres E., Valderrama B., and Le Borgne S., “Will Biochemical Catalysis Impact the Petroleum Refining Industry?,” Energy Fuels, 2002, 16, 1239-1250.

    [10]    Song C. and Ma X., “Ultra-clean Diesel Fuels by Deep Desulfurization and Deep Dearomatization of Middle Distillates,” in: Hsu, C. S., Robinson, P. R. (Eds.), Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing, Spring-er Science Inc., New York, 2006, 317-363.

    [11]    Soleimani M., Bassi A., and Margaritis A., “Biodesulfurization of Refractory Organic Sulfur Compounds in Fossil Fuels,” Biotechnol. Adv., 2007, 25, 570-596.

    [12]    Mehrnia M. R., Bonakdarpour B., Towfighi J., and Akbarnejad M. M., “Design and Operational Aspects of Airlift Bioreactors for Petroleum Biodesulfurization,” Environ. Prog., 2004, 23, 206-214.

    [13]    Chen H., Zhang W., Chen J., Cai Y., et al., “Desulfurization of Various Organic Sulfur Compounds and the Mixture of DBT + 4,6-DMDBT by Mycobacterium sp. ZD-19,” Bioresource Technol., 2008, 99, 3630-3634.

    [14]    Davoodi-Dehaghani F., Vosoughi M., and Ziaee A., “Biodesulfurization of Dibenzo-thiophene by a Newly Isolated Rhodococcus Erythropolis Strain,” Bio-resource Technol., 2010, 101, 1102-1105.

    [15]    Li W., Wang M., Chen H., Chen J., et al., “Biodesulfurization of Dibenzothiophene by Growing Cells of Gordonia sp. in Batch Cultures,” Biotechnol. Lett., 2006, 28, 1175-1179.

    [16]    Shavandi M., Sadeghizadeh M., Zomorodi-pour A., and Khajeh Kh.,Biodesulfuriza-tion of Dibenzothiophene by Recombinant Gordonia Alkanivorans RIPI90A,” Bio-resource Technol., 2009, 100, 475-479.

    [17]    Abbad-Andaloussi S., Lagnel C., Warzywoda M., and Monot F., “Multi-criteria Comparison of Resting Cell Activi-ties of Bacterial Strains Selected for Biodesulfurization of Petroleum Com-pounds,” Enz. Microb. Technol., 2003, 32, 446-454.

    [18]    Jia X., Wen J., Sun Z., Caiyin Q., et al., “Modeling of DBT Biodegradation Behav-iors by Resting Cells of Gordonia sp. WQ-01 and its Mutant in Oil-water Dispersions,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 2006, 61, 1987-2000.

    [19]    Maghsoudi S., Vossoughi M., Kheirolo-moom A., Tanaka E., et al., “Biode-sulfurization of Hydrocarbons and Diesel Fuels by Rhodococcus sp.” strain P32C1, Biochem. Eng. J., 2001, 8, 151-156.

 

    [20]    Myers R. H. and Montgomery D. C., Response Surface Methodology: Process and Optimization Using designed experi-ment, 2nd ed., New York: Wiley, 2002.

    [21]    Caro A., Boltes K., Letón P., and García-Calvo E., “Dibenzothiophene Biodesulfur-ization in Resting Cell Conditions by Aerobic Bacteria,” Biochem. Eng. J., 2007, 35, 191-197.

    [22]    Ramérez-Corredores. and Abhijeet P. B., “Emerging Biocatalytic Processes, in: Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis,” Elsevier., 2007, 65-226.

    [23]    Guobin S., Jianmin X., Huaiying Z., and Huizhou L., “Deep Desulfurization of Hydrodesulfurized Diesel Oil by Pseudo-monas Delafieldii R-8,” J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol., 2005, 80, 420-424.

    [24]    Kaufman E. N., Harkins J. B., and Borole A. P., “Comparison of Batch-Stirred and Electro-spray Reactors for Biodesulfuriza-tion of Dibenzothiophene in Crude Oil and Hydrocarbon Feedstocks,” Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., 1998, 73, 127-144.

    [25]    Caro A., Boltes K., Letón P., and García-Calvo E., “Biodesulfurization of Dibenzo-thiophene by Growing Cells of Pseudo-monas Putida CECT 5279 in Biphasic Media,” Chemosphere., 2008, 73, 663-669.