Effects of ZSM-5 Preparation Conditions on Textural Properties and Catalytic Cracking of n-Hexane

Document Type : Research Paper


1 School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Liaoning Shihua University, Fushun, China

2 China National Petroleum Corporation Fushun Petrochemical Company Detergent Chemical Plant, Fushun, China


In this study, the effects of crystallization temperature, crystallization time, and pH value on the textural properties of synthetic ZSM-5 were investigated by the orthogonal test method. Furthermore, the effects of ZSM-5 catalysts synthesized under different preparation conditions on their reactivity during catalytic cracking were evaluated. Moreover, the results have shown that the three factors that affect the ZSM-5 synthesis are in the following order: crystallization temperature > crystallization time > pH value. In addition, the optimal conditions for synthesizing ZSM-5 catalysts were crystallization temperature of 170 °C, crystallization time of 48 h, and pH of 11. Furthermore, under these conditions, the specific surface area, pore-volume, and acidity of the synthetic zeolite were moderate, and the hydrothermal stability was ideal. Finally, when the optimal conditions were applied to the catalytic cleavage of n-hexane, the synthesized zeolite exhibited good activity and stability.


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