School of Chemical, Gas and Petroleum Engineering, Semnan University
Treated sea water is the most significant source of water and surfactant floods. The various chemicals employed in treatment plants should be compatible with surfactant systems. Based on surface tension experiments, the activity of these chemicals is examined over a wide range of concentrations in different solutions, including distillated water, sea water by using three types of surfactant mixtures. For this purpose, the conventional chemicals of a typical water treatment plant, namely scale inhibitor, corrosion inhibitor, biocide, O2 scavenger, coagulant, and antifoam, were selected. The results show chemicals are completely compatible with the surfactant systems in concentrations utilized for an oilfield dosage. Scale inhibitor, O2 scavenger, and coagulant did not show any surface properties, but the positive effects of the other chemicals on the reduction of the surface tension were observed. The interaction of active chemicals was evaluated using response surface methodology. The results demonstrate that antifoam had more significant effects on the reduction of the surface tension than corrosion inhibitor and biocide.
Mostafaee R., Mohammadinia M., and Mirzaee Tabesh F., “A Case Study to Evaluate the Role of Basiluses in Pro-ducing Biosurfactant and the Feasibility of MEOR,”J. Pet. Sci. Tech., 2011, 1(1), 60-67.
Bataweel M. A., Yadhalli Shivaprasad A. K., and Nasr-El-Din H. A., “Low-Tension Polymer Flooding Using Amphoteric Surfactant in High Salinity/High Hardness and High Temperature Conditions in Sandstone Cores,”SPE Paper 155676, Presented at SPE EOR Conference at Oil and Gas West Asia, Muscat, Oman, 2012.
Najaragan R., “Polymer-surfactant Inter-actions,” presented at New Horizons: Detergents for the New Millennium Conference Invited Papers, Published by American Oil Chemists Society and Consumer Specially Products Association, Fort Myers, Florida, 2001.
Handy L. L., Amaefule J. O., Ziegler V. M., and Ershaghi I., “Thermal Stability of Surfactants for Reservoir Application,”SPE J., 1982, 22(5), 722-730.
Rosen M. J., Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena (2nd ed.), New York: Wiley, 1992.
Young T., “An Essay on the Cohesion of Fluids,”Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., 1805, 95, 65-87.
Laplace P. S., “Théorie de L’action Capillaire-Supplément au Dixième Livre du Traité Demécanique Céleste,” Courcier, Paris, April 1806.
Krumrine P. H., Falcone Jr., James S., and Campbell Th.C., “Surfactant Flooding 1: the Effect of Alkaline Additives on IFT, Surfactant Adsorption, and Recovery Efficiency,”SPE J., 1982, 22(4), 503-518.
Al-Ghamdi A. M. and Nasr-El-Din H. A., “Effect of Oilfield Chemicals on the Cloud Point of Nonionic Surfactants,”Colloids Surf. A,1997, 125, 5-18.
Dabbousi B. O., Nasr-El-Din H. A., and Al-Muhaish A. S., “Influence of Oilfield Chemicals on the Surface Tension of Stimulating Fluids,” SPE Paper 50732, Presented at SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, Houston, Texas, 1999.
Amro M. M., “Effect of Scale and Corro-sion Inhibitors on Well Productivity in Reservoirs Containing Asphaltenes,”J. Pet. Sci. and Eng., 2005, 46, 243-252.
Nasr-El-Din H. A., Al-Otaibi M. B., Al-Aamri A. M., and Ginest N., “Surface Tension of Completion Brines,” SPE Paper 93421, Presented at SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, The Woodlands, Texas, 2005.
Saneifar M., Nasralla R. A., Nasr-El-Din H. A., Fahes M., et al., “Surface Tension of Spent Acids at High Temperature and Pressure,” SPE Paper 149109, Presented at SPE/DGS Saudi Arabia Section Technical Symposium and Exhibition, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia,2011.
Bezerra M. A., Santelli R. E., Oliveira E. P., Villar L. S., et al., “Response Surface Methodology (RSM) as a Tool for Optimization in Analytical Chemistry,” Talanta, 2008, 76, 965-977.
Khuri A. I. and Mukhopadhyay S., “Response Surface Methodology,”WIREs Comp. Stat., 2010, 2, 128-149.
Najafi A. R., Rahimpour M. R., Jahanmiri A. H., Roostaazad R., et al., “Interactive Optimization of Biosurfactant Production by Paenibacillus Alvei ARN63 Isolated from an Iranian Oil Well,” Colloids Surf., B, 2011, 82(1), 33-39.
Jeirani Z., Mohamed Jan B., Si Ali B., Noor I. M., et al., “Prediction of the Optimum Aqueous Phase Composition of a Triglyc-eride Microemulsion Using Response Surface Methodology,”J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 2013, 19(4), 1304-1309.
Zhao Z., Bi C., Li Z., Qiao W., et al., “Interfacial Tension between Crude Oil and Decylmethylnaphthalene Sulfonate Surfactant Alkali-Free Flooding Systems,”Colloids Surf., A,2006, 276, 186-191.
Fuchs-Godec R., “CMC Determination and Corrosion Inhibition of Some N-Alkyl Quaternary Ammonium Salts on Carbon Steel Surface in 2 M H2SO4,” Colloids Surf., A,2006, 280, 130-139.
Wu Q., Du M., Shangguan Y. G., Zhou J. P., et al., “Investigation on the Interaction between C16TAB and NaCMC in Semidilute Aqueous Solution based on Rheological Measurement,”Colloids Surf., A,2009, 332, 13-18.
Karagianni M. and Avranas A., “The Effect of Deaeration on the Surface Tension of Water and some other Liquids,”Colloids Surf. A,2009, 335, 168-173.
Fainerman V. B., Mys A. V., Aksenenko E. V., Makievski A. V., et al., “Adsorption Layer Characteristics of Triton Surfactants: 4. Dynamic Surface Tension and Dilational Viscoelasticity of Micellar Solutions,”Colloids Surf. A,2009, 334, 22-27.
Weast R. C. and Astle M. J., CRC Handbook of Physics and Chemistry (63rd Ed.), Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1982.
Negm N. A., Kandile N. G., Aiad I. A., and Mohammad M. A., “New Eco-friendly Cationic Surfactants: Synthesis, Characterization and Applicability as Corrosion Inhibitors for Carbon Steel in 1 N HCl,”Colloids Surf. A,2011, 391, 224-233.
Simoes M., Pereira M. O., Machado I., Simoes L. C., et al., “Comparative Antibacterial Potential of Selected Aldehyde-based Biocides and Surfactants against Planktonic Pseudomonas Fluore-scens,”J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2006, 33, 741-749.